Egypt is a place of great contrast. The great Pyramids of Giza lie just miles from the modern cityscape of Cairo. Barren deserts give way to the fertile Nile River Valley. Elaborate monuments to the Pharoahs lie in sharp contrast to modern squatter settlements. Because the country is 70 percent desert, almost 100 percent of the people live in the Nile River Valley.,/p>
Industries include oil, metal, tourism, and agriculture. The art and architecture of Egypt reflect the influence of its location at the crossroads of many ancient civilizations including the Greek and Roman empires.