The Andes Mountains divide Ecuador into three regions: humid lowlands, temperate highlands, and tropical rainforests. More than half of the population lives in the coastal lowland region. Industries include oil, fishing, coffee, bananas, textiles, and metalwork. Ecuador is famous for the Galapagos Islands, bursting with exquisite plant and animal life.
Ninety percent of Ecuadorians are Roman Catholic. In the past, Ecuadorians were renowned for their pottery and painting, sculpture and silverwork. Political and economic uncertainties make supplemental income, like that earned from handicraft work, essential.